Criticism is mounting of the failure of the UN peace-keeping mission in the Democratic Republic of Congo to prevent the fall of Goma. The provincial capital in eastern DRC was captured last Tuesday by M23 rebels, widely believed to be backed by Rwanda.
MONUSCO, the UN peace-keeping force which has been stationed in DRC since 1999, is supposed to protect the civilian population. But when the Congolese army retreated from Goma, the peacekeepers decided to abandon the city of over one million people.
The peace-keepers from India, South Africa and Uruguay have defended their actions, saying they had fired hundreds of rockets at the rebels. But the UN says its troops were overwhelmed by the number of rebels attacking the city.
Experts say that Goma has been a low-point for peace-keeping operations, adding that the UN is going to have to reinvent itself.