South Africa's capital Pretoria will cease to be known by that name this year. Its new name will be Tshwane. It's not the first city to change its name; over the centuries it’s happened to hundreds of them. Sometimes the change was painless, sometimes violent.
These days a new moniker for a metropolis often entails a multimillion operation for government and businesses. Radio Netherlands Worldwide takes you on a journey around the world via a selection of cities that are no more.