Libyans celebrate two years of liberation at Martyrs Square in Tripoli.
AP Photo/Abdel Magid al-Fergany


Young Libyans face free speech restrictions in a country still reeling from the 2011 revolt. Instability, lawlessness and regional factionalism are widespread. The use of internet, which fuelled the revolution, is on the rise and media outlets have mushroomed since the fall of Gaddafi. Nonetheless, young people still feel unable to express their opinions freely.


  • Population: 6.4m
  • Official language: Arabic
  • Freedom of the Press score: partly free (score 59)


  • Repressive regime of  colonel Muammar al-Gaddafi overthrown In 2011
  • First democratic elections for parliament in 2012, presidential elections planned for 2013, are postponed
  • Nouri Abusahmen is interim head of state, preparing a new constitution


  • Oil production is important source of income
  • Tribes and armed groups challenge the central government with religious and ethnic tensions
  • Weak judicial system
  • High youth unemployment rates and gender inequality


  • Until 2011, Libyan media were the most repressed in the world, in 2012 press freedom was formalised in a transitional charter
  • First independent media have been established, now more than 20 radio/TV stations operating but a professional journalistic culture has yet to be established
  • Internet access remains relatively low, in spite of government investments in infrastructure


  • Miadeen (daily newspaper)
  • Libya Algadeeda (daily newspaper)   
  • Benghazi FM, (radio station)
  • Ajaal Tripoli, (radio station)
  • Musrata FM, (radio station)


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