Uganda Forbidden Square
Associated Press / Source : AP


When it comes to freedom of speech, Uganda falls within the ‘partly free’ category. However, the situation regarding press freedom is rapidly worsening. Opposition is not tolerated, anti-gay violence is on the rise and so are other human rights abuses. The country is affected by the instability in neighbouring DR Congo and Rwanda.


  • Population: 35.6m (UN 2012)
  • Official languages: English, Swahili
  • Freedom of the Press Index: partly free (score 55)


  • Multiparty democracy, President Yoweni Museveni in power since 1986. Won another term in 2011 elections
  • Northern Uganda is a conflict zone, where the Lord’s Resistance Army has been active for over 2 decades
  • Allied Democratic Forces, a rebel group operates from DRC, wants to set up an Islamic state in Uganda


  • Abductions and killings in the North
  • Displaced persons, child soldiers, LRA leader Joseph Kony and other rebels are wanted by the ICC for crimes against humanity
  • HIV/Aids epidemic was severe in the nineties, ratio is now under 10%


  • Liberalised media landscape with state, private and community media
  • 4.2m internet users


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